Primary Information About Insomnia
Definition of Insomnia
Insomnia is a medical term that is used to indicate a type of a common sleep disorder. People with such conditions find it difficult to stay asleep, fall asleep, or both. People with insomnia often experience drowsiness when they wake up from sleeping, and it can lead to fatigue or restlessness and other symptoms.
Insomnia is the most commonly occurred sleep disorder, according to the American Psychiatric Association. In fact, APA has said that about one-third of all adults report insomnia symptoms, and about 6 to 10 percent of them have severe symptoms.
People should take medical help if they have;
- Sleep difficulties; minimum three nights a week for a minimum of three months.
- Sleep difficulties are creating significant distress or functional problems in a person’s life.
The causes of insomnia can be different depending on the type of sleeplessness you are facing. Insomnia can be divided into two parts;
- Short-term Insomnia, and
- Chronic Insomnia
Short-term insomnia can be seemed due to stress, traumatic event, or upsetting or changes to your sleep habits. It doesn’t last long when chronic insomnia lasts for a minimum of 3 months and is usually secondary to another disease or a combination of issues, including;
- Psychological conditions such as anxiety or depression
- Medical issues which make it harder to sleep, like arthritis or back pain.
- Substance use
- Unrefreshing sleep
- Waking too early in the morning
- Trouble falling or staying asleep
- Mood changes
- Fatigue, and
They may also have difficulty concentrating on tasks during the day.
Females are twice as likely to experience insomnia in males because of hormonal transmission during the menstrual cycle and menopause in ladies. It may often occur during the time leading up to menopause when night sweats and hot flashes disturb sleep. Medical professionals believe a lack of estrogen can lead to insomnia disorder.
This sleep disorder increases with age as your sleep patterns change. Older adults often get trouble with sleepover eight hours. Some reports said that nearly half of all men and women over 60 years of age face symptoms of insomnia.
There are a lot of over-the-counter medicines that can cause insomnia. Pain medications, weight loss product decongestants can lead to frequent urination, which can disturb you while sleeping.
Several prescription medications can disrupt your sleep patterns and produce symptoms of insomnia;
- Heart and blood pressure medicines
- Allergy medicine
In addition, Alcohol can also disturb your sleeping patterns and cause insomnia. However, Alcohol is a sedative that helps you to fall asleep, but when you stop using Alcohol after regular use, it can cause insomnia.
People with certain medical conditions can experience insomnia symptoms. Insomnia is associated with chronic medical conditions or their consequences, such as;
- Breathing difficulties
- Chronic pain
- Sleep apnea
- Cardiovascular disease
- Frequent urination
- Cancer and overactive thyroid
- Gastroesophageal disease, and others.
Risk factors for Insomnia
This sleep disorder can occur in both men and women at any age; it is more likely to affect women than men. National Heart & Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) said people with certain risk factors are more likely to have insomnia. They may include;
Stress and Anxiety
Stress or social anxiety due to issues at work or school or with can keep your mind active at night and cause Insomnia. Some other events, such as the death of a relative, divorce, or fired from a job, can cause long-lasting stress and anxiety. These conditions can lead to chronic sleeplessness.
It is a common source of insomnia. It is a mental condition that may occur due to a chemical imbalance in the brain that affects sleep patterns. Alternately, people may be too distressed by fears or troubling thoughts, which may prevent you from getting a good night’s sleep.
There are both medical and non-medical treatments are available for insomnia. Your healthcare provider will suggest to you what treatment will suitable for you. You may try different types of options to understand which medicine or therapy will most effective for you.
The American College of Physicians has recommended (CB) cognitive behavioral therapy as a first-line treatment for insomnia in adults.
Doctors can also suggest you Sleep hygiene training. This training can help you change some disruptive behaviors that cause insomnia.
Some of these changes may include;
- Avoiding exercise near bedtime
- Reducing the time spent on your bed when you are not willing to sleep, such as surfing the web on your phone, watching TV,
- Avoiding caffeinated beverages near bedtime.
If someone is experiencing insomnia due to an underlying psychological or medical condition, appropriate treatment for it can alleviate sleep.
Some prescription medications can treat insomnia include;
- Zolpidem, and
- Eszopiclone, etc.